BURUSHASKI (Burúśaski), language spoken by the Burúśo (sing. Burúśin) in Hunza-Karakorum, North Pakistan, containing some Iranian loanwords of various . Known to its speakers as mišāski or ‘my language’, Burushaski is mainly spoken in the Hunza, Nagar, and Yasin valleys situated in the Gilgit- Baltistan (formerly. The picturesque valleys of northern Pakistan are the cradles of many strange languages and cultures. The languages spoken here — virtually.
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However, these rules are not universal — countable objects in the y-class are sometimes encountered, e. Yet another theory suggests that Burusho people are an offshoot of ‘Hoon’ tribe that lived in the northern and western parts of China. The linguist Sadaf Munshi stated that Burushaski may have developed alongside the Dravidian languages before the Indo-Aryan migration to South Asia, mentioning the fact that both possess retroflex sounds.
Buruushaski dimensions of human misery Burushaski languagealso spelled Burushaki or Burushkilanguage spoken primarily in the Hunza, Nagar, and Yasin valleys of northern Pakistan.
Burushaski test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator. A few hundred live in India. Retrieved 5 April Some verbs do not admit personal prefixes, others still do so only lsnguage certain circumstances. Burushaski is a double-marking buruhaski and word order is generally subject—object—verb. Among these, Urdu has a special status in that it is the lingua franca of the region and the language of literacy.
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TAGS berger hunza-karakorum isolate language. The language has no standard writing system, though a modified Perso-Arabic system has been used since the s. Genderin language, a phenomenon in which the words of a certain part of speech, usually nouns, require the agreement, or concord, through grammatical marking or lanbuageof various other words related to them in a sentence.
On the other buruzhaski, linguistic contact with Kashmiri is mediated through first language or native speakers of Kashmiri. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Forms of the auxiliary verb ba- for forming the present, imperfect, perfect and pluperfect. A list of such works was published in issue 30 of ‘Jareeda’. Burushaski is a language that feels and records even the slightest differences in the meanings.
The infixes, and their basic meanings, are as follows:. Hunza, Nagar and Yasin Burushaski. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article.
Burushaski language |
We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. A simplified overview of the forms of the affixes is given in the following table:. Conditionalthree OptativesImperativeConative.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Long vowels also occur in loans and in a few onomatopoeic words Grune The journal published some very informative and useful papers on Burushaski in its 21st issue as well.
In languages that exhibit gender, ubrushaski or more classes of nouns control variation…. The Burushaski number system is vigesimali.
The people speaking Burushaski as mother tongue are known as Burusho and live in Karachi too in a large number. The verb stem is in position 5, preceded by four possible prefixes and followed by seven possible suffixes. Not recording such a sensitive language in the lwnguage of a dictionary would have been callous, so Berger compiled Burushaski’s first ever dictionary in collaboration burushaki Naseeruddin Hunzai.
With intransitive verbs, the subject function is indicated by both a prefix and a suffix, as in:. Burushaski is a strange language Rauf Parekh July 19, December 15, This article is available in print. It is estimated to have some 90, speakers.
The Burushaski Language Documentation Project
Berger finds the following consonants to be phonemicshown below in his transcription and in the IPA:. Lorimer had done earliest research on Burushaski and Morgenstierne himself compared Burushaski phonology with its neighbouring languages.
Some of them migrated to Hungary and some settled in the Himalayan valleys and parts of Korakoram range. In Burushaski, there are four noun classessimilar to declensional classes in Indo-European languagesbut unlike Indo-European, the nominal classes in Burushaski are associated with four grammatical “genders”:.
You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Older speakers still pronounce many Persian loanwords with phonetic changes that go beyond regular sound substitution, e. The Yasin variety, also known by the Khowar exonym Werchikwaris much more divergent.
Linguisticsthe scientific study of language. Sri Lankan Creole Malay. Today, Urdu and English loanwords find their way into Burushaski at an increasing rate.